You probably have high blood pressure which is otherwise known as (hypertension) if your blood pressure readings are consistently above 140 over 90.
If you do suffer from high blood pressure, then the higher pressure puts a strain on your heart and blood vessels. Over time, this pressure will increase the risk of suffering from a heart attack or stroke.
Hypertension usually has no signs or symptoms that you can look out for, the only way for you to know if you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure measured. But a single high reading doesn’t mean you have high blood pressure. It needs constant monitoring.
Occasionally people with high blood pressure will say that they suffer from headaches, but it is best to consult your doctor if you are concerned about symptoms.
For most people, there isn’t a single cause that triggers hypertension. But those who consume too much salt, who don’t consume enough fruits and vegetables, who aren’t active, are overweight or drink too much alcohol are at greater risk.
Blood pressure is probably one of the most important vital signs that need monitoring. Everyone should know their resting blood pressure as hypertension is one of the number one chronic diseases in the world today.
Your blood pressure consists of two readings. Systolic and Diastolic.
The Systolic readings indicate the pressure inside the artery walls and vessels when the heart muscle contracts. The Diastolic readings indicate the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.
Although your blood pressure increases and decreases depending on the activity you are performing and your food and beverage intake your ideal blood pressure reading should be less than 120 systolic and less than 80 diastolic.
You can measure your own blood pressure with an electronic blood pressure monitor if you so choose. They are relatively easy to purchase, are accurate and are inexpensive.
If you are taking your own readings, then they should be done right after you get up in the morning and in the evenings an hour after dinner. It should be done seated and your arm resting on a desk or table. Your arm level should be positioned at the height of your chest, and you should relax for about 5 minutes before taking your readings.